Nail Care

The finger nails have a high decorative value, but are also useful in picking up objects – especially small ones. The finger nails also transmit pressure and tactile stimuli. The shape and colour, and indeed the general quality of the nails, requires regular care. Regular cutting and filing is essential. The finger nails should be cut so that they have a rounded tip. The toe nails, on the other hand, should be cut straight so that the outer corners extend to the forward edge of the skin, while in the middle the tip of the toe protrudes beyond the nail. If the outer edges of the toe nails are cut back too far, injury can occur through the pressure of shoes, resulting in painful in-growing toe nails. Heavy dirt under the nails can best be removed using a brush, soap and lukewarm water. Loose dirt should be removed carefully with a nail file or nail scraper so as to avoid …

Hair Care

The hair and scalp need regular care and cleaning. Most alkali-free shampoos are able to remove sebum, sweat and scale as well as dirt and the residues of hair care products. Washing gives the hair gloss, makes it easier to dress, and reduces the electrostatic charge. Mild shampoos which do not cause strong degreasing can be used every day. The pH value of optimum shampoos is in the weakly acidic to neutral range. Especially if used daily, the shampoos should contain slightly oiling substances. The addition of conditioners makes the hair easier to comb. These substances are deposited on the keratin of the hair, producing a kind of protective cover. This makes the hair easier to comb, gives it more volume and reduces the electrostatic charge. Typical conditioners are protein hydrolysates, silicon compounds and quarternary ammonia compounds. Through the addition of emulsion- and foam-stabilising tensides such as cetyl alcohol and cetyl sterile alcohol, a gloss effect is produced which reflects …